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Tibet is located on the highest plateau in the world. Most of the Himalayan mountain range lies within Tibet, including Mount Everest, on the border with Nepal. The nation historically consisted of the regions of Amdo in Northeast, Kham in East, U in Central Tibet, and Tsang in the West. Several major rivers have their sources in the plateau including the Yangtze, Yellow River, Indus, Mekong, Brahmaputra, and Ganges.

Tibet is one of the world's last ancient civilizations, with a highly developed classical religion, postal system, government, system of medicine, styles of dress, spoken language, written script, poetry, and specialized forms of painting and music. Tibetan language, unlike Chinese, is alphabetical rather than pictorial, and nationwide there are numerous regional dialects. Tibet's laws, as an independent nation, were completely unrelated to those of any other country, and were first implemented in 7th c. AD under the Tibetan religious king Songtsen Gampo - who also sent scholars to India to study and master Sanskrit, and then translate Buddhist texts and some of the Indian literature into Tibetan. Over a period of seven hundred years, religion and literature migrated into Tibet in this way - a monumental undertaking, the likes of which has never been accomplished by any other civilization.

Over time, as Buddhism flourished in Tibet, the laws also became closely intertwined with religious beliefs. It was then that the Dalai Lama began ruling the nation successively, as the relationship with China remained religiously oriented; China was patron to Tibet's religious kings and lamas. Tibetans called their relationship "priest-patron."

All of Tibet's rich traditions flourished freely in this land of prosperity, breathtaking beauty, and peace. This great civilization was centered around the core value of true humanity, and within this perspective was an incomparable sense of compassion for all beings.